Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

previous arrow
next arrow
Slider

Utilisation of free floating macrophytes for milk process unit wastewater treatment

Rakesh Bhutiani, D.R. Khanna,VarunTyagi and FaheemAhamad

Department of Zoology & Environmental Sciences, Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar

Abstract

With the rapid growth of industrialization, water pollution has increased tremendously. The inadequate wastewater management seriously affects the environment; phytoremediation provides a low cost alternative for the waste management. Most of the waste water discharged into water bodies, disturbs the ecological balance and deteriorates the water quality. Phytoremediation provides the low cost eco-friendly method for the wastewater treatment. These are frequently in use by the large scale organisations for the treatment of the wastewater of choice. These artificial wastewater treatment systems consisting of macrophytes are dependent upon various processes like microbial, biological, physical and chemical process for the treatment of the effluent. For the current study free floating aquatic macrophytes Lemna sp. and Eichorniasp. were used to treat the effluents from dairy factory, the biological oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand of dairy effluent were reduced significantly after treatment with phytoremediation experiments.

Dairy effluent, Macrophytes, BOD, COD, Lemna, Eichornia

American Public Health Association (APHA) 2012Standard Me-thods for Estimation of Water and Wastewater, 21st ed., American Water Works Association, Water environment Federation, Washington.

Belyea R.L., Williams J.E., Gieseka L., Clevenger T.E. and J.R. Brown, 1990. Evaluation of Dairy waste water solids as a feed Ingredient.Journal of Dairy Science, 73 (7): 1864-1871.

Britz T.J., Van Schalkwyk C., Hung Y., 2006. Treatment of dairy processing wastewaters, Waste Treatment on the food processing Industry, 1-28.

Dipu S, Anju A, Kumar V and SalomGnanaThanga 2011. “Phytoremediation of Dairy Effluent by Constructed Wetland Technology Using Wetland Macrophytes” The Environmentalist 31(3): 263-278

Carawan Roy E., Jones. V.A. and A.P. Hanseen, 1979. Waste water characterization in a Multiproduct Dairy. Journal of Dairy Science, 62 (8): 1243-1251.

Gottschall N, Boutin C. and Crolla A.,Kinsley C. and Champagne P, 2007. The role ofplants in the removal of nutrients at aconstructed wetland treating agricultural (dairy) wastewater, Ontario, CanadaEcological Engineering, 29 (2): 154-163.

Omil F., Garrido, J. and M. Debowski, 2007. Biodegradability evaluation of dairy effluents originated in slected section of dairy production. Bioresource Tech., 99: 4199-4205.

Monroy H.O., Vazquezz M., Derramadero J.C. and J.P. Guyot, 1995. Anerobic-aerobic treatment of Dairy waste water with national technology in Maxico: the case of “El Sanz”, 3rd international symposium on waste management problems in Agro-industries, Mexico city, 4-6 October, 202-209.

Sooknah, R.D., and Wilkie, A.C.2004. “Nutrient removal by floating aquatic macrophytes cultured in anaerobically digested flushed dairy manure wastewater”, Ecological Engineering, 22(1),27-42.

Strydom, J.P., Mostert, J.F., Britz, T.J. 1995. Anaerobic treatment of a synthetic dairy effluent using a hybrid digester.Water  21 (2), 125–130.

Thompson T.G. and George E., 1998.Waste management issues for dairy process state of Wisconsin / Department of Natural Resources 1-10.

Tripathi, B.D. and A.R. Upadhyay, 2003.“Dairy effluent polishing by aquatic macrophytes”, Water Air Soil Pollut., 143: 127-133.

Vymazal J., The use constructed wetlandswith horizontal sub-surface flow for varioustypes of wastewater, Ecological Engineering, 35(1): 1-17, (2009).

Bhutiani, R., Khanna, D. R., Tyagi, V., & Ahamad, F. (2016). Utilisation of free floating macrophytes for milk process unit wastewater treatment. Environment Conservation Journal17(1-2), 187-193.

https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2016.171220

Received: 15.03.2016

Accepted: 10.05.2016

First Online: 25.06. 2016

https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2016.171220

MANUSCRIPT STATISTICS 

Publisher Name:  Action for Sustainable Efficacious Development and Awareness (ASEA)

Print : 0972-3099

Online :2278-5124