Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

previous arrow
next arrow
Slider

Legal and ethical aspect of human organ transplantation in India: A critical review

Ramesh Chandra Tiwari 

Deptt. of Agad Tantra, Rishikul Campus Haridwar, Uttarakhand AyurvedUniversity (U.K.).

Ajay Kumar Sharma

Deptt. of ShalyaTantra, Swami Kalyandev Govt. Ayurvedic College, Muzaffarnagar, U.P.

Uttam Kumar Sharma

Deptt. of Panchkarma, Rishikul Campus Haridwar, Uttarakhand AyurvedUniversity (U.K.).

Suresh Chaubey

Deptt. of Dravyaguna, Rishikul Campus Haridwar, Uttarakhand Ayurved University (U.K.)

Abstract

The proliferation of human organ trade for the purposes of transplantation during 1970s and 1980s has influenced World Health Organization (WHO) to develop a set of guidelines on human organ transplantation. Transplantation means the grafting of a human organ from any living or deceased person to some other living person for therapeutic purposes. Organs like liver, kidney, pancreas, pancreatic islet cells, small intestine, lungs, heart, corneas, skin graft, blood vessels, ear bone, ear drum, hair root are some of the organs and tissues that can be transplanted. The ultimate success of transplantation depends on the quality of the donated organ, and also on the warm anoxic time to which it is subjected. This is the time between the cessation of arterial oxygen supply and the refrigeration of the isolated organ. Transplantation of organs in the human body represents a notable advance in medical science and has tremendous life saving potential. Unfortunately, it has jumped into prominence in recent years because of some controversial issues, not only medical and legal, but also ethical, and even religious issues. There has been sensational reportage in the lay press of alleged gross violations of ethics, and kidneys are said to be stolen while patients were on the operation table for appendectomy, hysterectomy etc. Reports of body snatching, and persons being kidnapped for removal of kidneys have also appeared.

Human organ transplantation, World Health Organization(WHO), body snatching, warm anoxic time.

Pillay V.V. 2016. Textbook of Forensic medicine and toxicology,17th Edn.2016, page no.40, Paras medical publishers.

The Transplantation of Human Organ Act, 1994 (no:42 of 1994, 08th July 1994).

Rao G Nageshkumar 2010. Textbook of Forensic medicine and toxicology, 2nd Edn.2010, page no.52, J.P. Brothers Medical Publishers.

Joga Rao SV, Ayyappa C  1995., Transplantation of human organs Act 1994, Law and medicine 1995;1:73.

The transplantation of human organs Act 1994, Amendment, as passed by house of parliament Rajya sabha, on May 05, 1993, Lok sabha on June14, 1994; Amendment made by the Lok sabha agreed to by Rajya sabha on June15,1994.

Biswas Gautama, 2010. Review of Forensic medicine and toxicology ,1st Edn.2010, page no 21, J.P. Brothers Medical Publishers.

Reddy K.S. Narayan, 2014  The essentials of Forensic medicine and toxicology 33rd Edn.2014, page no.651, J.P. Brothers Medical Publishers.

The Transplantation of Human Organ Act, 1994 (no:42 of 1994, 08th July 1994)

Tiwari, R. C., Sharma, A. K., Sharma, U. K., & Suresh, C. (2016). Legal and ethical aspect of human organ transplantation in India: a critical review. Environment Conservation Journal17(3), 103-106.

https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2016.17319

Received: 21.05.2016

Revised:15.08.2016

Accepted: 09.11.2016

First Online: 18.12. 2016

https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2016.17319

MANUSCRIPT STATISTICS

Publisher Name:  Action for Sustainable Efficacious Development and Awareness (ASEA)

Print : 0972-3099

Online :2278-5124