Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

previous arrow
next arrow
Slider

Evaluation of gonadal indices to understand the reproductive rhythm of Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare from Rawasan stream, Uttarakhand, India

Koshal Kumar  , C.B. Kotnala   

Department of Zoology, H.N.B Garhwal University (A central University)  BGR Campus Pauri, Pauri (Garhwal) Uttarakhand India

Anita Rawat Rana

Department of Zoology, Govt. P.G. (Autonomous) College Rishikesh, Dehradun Uttarakhand India

Abstract

Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare is a minor freshwater prawn and found in the Foothill Rivers and streams of Uttarakhand. However, no such studies were found to understand the reproductive rhythm of this species by observing the gonad development throughout the year. The aim of present study was to govern the maturation of gonads by study the Gonado-Somatic index (GSI) and Dobriyal index (DI) to understand the gonadal rhythm and breeding seasons. The GSI value ranged from 0.281±0.56 to 8.583±0.86 and DI value ranged from 0.023±0.981 to 5.456±0.082 during the interval of two year (August 2013 to July 2015). It is clear from the value obtained from the study that the maximum value of indices was in the month of April and minimum in the October in both the sexes (male and female). The patterns of breeding suggest that the animal take single spawning within breeding season and breeding start in the month of May which continued till September.

Gonado-Somatic index (GSI), Dobriyal index (DI), Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare, Rawasan stream

Arimoro FO and Meye JA 2007. Some aspects of the biology of Macrobrachium dux (Lenz, 1910) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Natantia) in River Orogoda, Niger Delta Nigeria. Aata Biol Colomb 121(1):111-122.

Boolootian RA, Giese AC, Farmanfarmaian A and Tucker J 1959. Reproductive cycle of five    west coast crabs. Physol Zool 32:213-220.

Carvalho HA 1978. Ciclo sexual de M. acanthurus (Wiegmann, 1836) (Crustacea:Decapoda) relacoes com fatores abioticos eciclo de intermudas. Ph. D. Thesis

Cavalli RO, Lavens P and Sorgeloos P 2001. Reproductive performance of M rosenbergii females in captivity.  J World Aqu Soci 32 (1) 60-67.

Conides A, Glamuzina B, DulCic J, Kap Iris K, Ju G-DujakovIc J and C. Papaconstantinou C . 2008. Study of the reproduction of the karamote shrimp peneaus (Melicertus) Kerathurus In Amvrakikos Gulf, Western Greece. Actaadriat 49(2): 97-106.

Cummings WC 1961. Maturation and spawning of the pink shrimp, panaeus duorarum Burken road, Trans. Amer Fish Soc 90: 462-468.

Dobriyal AK, Rautela KK and Rautela AS 1999. Invention of a new index    for the     determination         of sexual maturity in fishes. Uttar Pradesh J Zool19:207-209.

Giese AC 1959. Comparative physiology: Annual reproductive cycle of marine invertebrates. Ann Rev Physiol 21:547-576.

Gyananath G 1982. Reproductive biology of the Macrobrachium kistenisis Maratwada University, Aurangabad, India. Ph.D. Thesis.

Gyananath G and Sarojini R 1986. Annual         reproduction cycle of the prawn M.     lamerii. Proc 1st Nat Sysmp Comp              Endoct Invert 56-60.

Kingdom T, Erondu ES 2013. Reproductive biology of African river prawn Macrobrachium vollenhovenii (Crustacea: Palaemonidae) in the Lower Taylor Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Ecologia Balkanica 5(1):49-56. 

Koshal Kumar, Kotnala CB, Anita Rawat Rana 2015. Sex composition of  Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare (Tiwari, 1958) from Rawasan        stream, Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand,            India. J   Mountain       Res 10:29-33.

Kulkarni GK and Nagabhushanam R 1982. Reproductive biology of female penaeid prawns, Parapenaeopsi hardwickii (Miers) (Crustacea: Decapoda: Penaeidae). J Ani Morphol Physiol 29:55-63.

Lagler KF 1956. Fresh water fishery biology, 2nd  Ed., Bubuque, Lowa Wm. C. Brown 421 pp.

Lawrence AB, Ward D, Missler S, Brown A, MacVey J and Middleditch BS 1979. Organ indices and biochemical levels of ova from penaeid shrimp maintained in captivity versus those captured in the wild. Proc 10th  annual meeting, World Mariculture Soc (10):453-463.

Magalhaes T, Mossolin EC and Mantelatto FL 2012. Gonadosomatic and hepatosomatic indexes of the freshwater shrimp Macrobrachium Olfersii (Decapoda: Palaemonidae) from Sao Sebastiao Island, Southeastern Brazil. Pan-American. J Aqu Sci 7(1):1-9.

Nagabhushanam R, Sambasiva Rao S, Sarojani R and Jayalakshmi K 1978. Annual reproductive cycle of female Macrobarchium affins. Nat symp on phy of Crust, pp 39-44.

Parvaiz AP  and Sikdar M 2014. Influence of bilateral eyestalk ablation on gonads of freshwater prawn M dayanum. J Env Biol 35:821-825.

Pillay NK and Nair NB 1971. Annual reproductive cycle of Uea annulipes and Metapenaeus affins form the south west coast of India. Mar Biol (11) 152-166.

Raman K 1967. Observation of the fishery and biology of the giant freshwater prawns Macrobrachium rosenbergii  de Man. Proc Symp Crust  Mar Biol Ass India Part-2 pp 649-669.

Rao RM 1967. Studies on the biology of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man) of the Hoogly estuary with notes on its fishery. Proc Biol Sci (33):252-279.

Sarojani, SR and Rajani J 1978. Reproductive cycle of female fresh water prawn Caridina rajdhari. Adv in Biosc (6):115-123.

Sethi SN, Ram N and Venkatesan V 2014. Reproductive biology of Macrobrachium lar (Fabricius, 1798) in Andoman Islands.  Indian J Geo Mar Sci 43(12):1-8.

Sharma A and Subba BR  2005. General biology of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium lamarrei (H. Milne-Edwards) of Biratnagar, Nepal. Our nature 3(1):31-41.

Singh AK, Tiwari RK, Kanaujja DR, Pandey JP and Mishra P 2012. Growth and breeding       Behavior of Macrobrachium              gangeticum in River Ganga Around Varanasi. Ecologia 2(2) 31-42

Singh R and Roy D 1994. Reproductive cycle of the fresh water Macrobrachium brimanicum choprai (Tiwari). Asian Fis Sci (7):77-89.

Subramanayam, CB 1963. A note on the annual reproductive cycle of the prawn Penaeus indicus (Milne Edwards) of Madras coast. Current Sci (32):165-166.

Victor B 1984. Reproductive biology of female freshwater prawn Caridinara jdhari.Maratwada University Aurangabad, India D. Phil thesis.

Koshal, K., Kotnala, C. B., & Rana, A. R. (2017). Evaluation of gonadal indices to understand the reproductive rhythm of Macrobrachium assamense peninsulare from Rawasan stream, Uttarakhand, India. Environment Conservation Journal18(1/2), 21-25.

:https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2017.181204

Received: 28.01.2016

Revised: 11.03.2017

Accepted: 02.04.2017

First Online: 15.06. 2017

:https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2017.181204

MANUSCRIPT STATISTICS

Publisher Name:  Action for Sustainable Efficacious Development and Awareness (ASEA)

Print : 0972-3099           

Online :2278-5124