Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

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Fluoride accumulation by crops grown in parts of Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India

Vijaya D. Lakshmi

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, PJTSAU, Rudrur, Nizamabad, Telangana State, India
Jeevan K. Rao
College of Agriculture, PJTSAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India

T. Ramprakash

AICRP on Weed Control, PJTSAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India

 A.P.K. Reddy

Farmers Cal Centre, ANGRAU, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India

Abstract

The present study was carried out to assess accumulation of fluoride in vegetables and cereal crop grown in potentially fluoridated area in Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. The results indicated that, accumulation of fluoride (F) was observed in different plant parts of crops irrigated with F contaminated ground water (0.73 to 3.25 and 1.12 to 4.67 mg L-1 during kharif and rabi seasons, respectively) grown in soil containing 0.41 to 2.32 and 0.68 to 2.63 mg kg-1 available fluoride during kharif and rabi seasons, respectively. The concentration range in plant parts of different crops is 0.12 to 3.35 mg kg-1 and 0.30 to 3.95 mg kg-1 in kharif and rabi, respectively. The values are lower than the maximum allowed level of 4.0 mg kg-1 in food and vegetable recommended by FAO and WHO. The implication of the results is that the use of the ground water for irrigation, and the contribution of fluoride to the soil and absorption by the crops, has no deleterious effect on the soil and some crops cultivated with ground water. The mean F levels in the economic part of the crops analyzed are follows the order; paddy > sorghum > red gram in kharif and groundnut > paddy > sorghum in rabi. Among the vegetables, tomato accumulated higher F followed by brinjal and bhendi. Maximum accumulation of F (mg kg-1 dry wt.) occurred in the roots followed by shoot and economic part.

Fluoride, Crops, Nalgonda, Plant Parts, Seasonal Changes, Telangana

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Lakshmi, V. D., Rao, J. K., Ramprakash, T., & Reddy, A. P. K. (2017). Fluoride accumulation by crops grown in parts of Nalgonda District, Telangana State, India. Environment Conservation Journal18(1/2), 79-86.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2017.181211

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Received: 15.02.2017

Revised:31.03.2017

Accepted: 25.04.2017

First Online: 15.06. 2017

DOI:https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2017.181211

Publisher Name:  Action for Sustainable Efficacious Development and Awareness (ASEA)

Print ISSN: 0972-3099           

Online ISSN:2278-5124