Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

previous arrow
next arrow
Slider

Limnological characterisation of Hindon River at NCR (Uttar Pradesh), India

R. Bhutiani, Mukesh Ruhela, Faheem Ahamad

Limnology and Ecological Modelling Lab,  Department of Zoology and Environmental Science, Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar

Abstract

The Hindon River is an important River of western Uttar Pradesh. The river is highly polluted due to industrial, municipal and agricultural activities. Regular monitoring of the quality of water is essential because clean water is obligatory for human health and the integrity of aquatic ecosystems. Therefore an attempt has been made in this study to assess the Hindon river water quality by analysing various Physico- chemical parameters. The various Physico- chemical parameters analysed are temperature, pH, TDS, Turbidity, DO, BOD, COD, Free CO2, Electrical Conductivity, Acidity, Total Hardness (TH), Chloride(Cl) and Alkalinity. During the study DO ranged from 0.5 mg/l to 1.8 mg/l, BOD ranged from 44.3 mg/l to 105.4 mg/l, TDS ranged from 320 mg/l to 690 mg/l, EC ranged from 788 μS/cm to 1625 μS/cm and the pH ranged from 6.4 to 8.2. Temperature was fund strongly negatively correlated (-0.906) with DO while a strong positive correlation was found between pH and DO (0.909) and between TDS and COD (0.914).

Hindon River, Physico- Chemical Parameter, Pollution, Riparian zones

Ahipathy, M.V. and Puttaiah, E.T. 2006. Ecological characteristics of Vrishabhavathy river in Bangalore (India). Environ. Geol., 49:1217-1222.

APHA 2012. In: standards methods for the examination of the water and waste water. American Public Health Association, New York.

Babiker IS., Mohamed AA., Hiyama T. 2007. Assessing groundwater quality using GIS. Water Resource Management. 21, pp.699–715.

Bellingham K. 2009. Physicochemical Parameters of Natural Waters,http://www.stevenswater.com/articles/waterparameters.aspx

Bhardwaj Mamta 2014.  Physico-Chemical and Biological Analysis of Sewage Water along Hindon River Ghaziabad City (U.P) India. Int. Jr. of Eng. Res. & Tech. (IJERT). 3(3), pp.781-785.

Bhutiani, R. and Khanna, D.R. 2007. Ecological Status of river Suswa: Modelling DO and BOD. Environmental monitoring and assessment. 125, pp.183-195. DOI 10.1007/s10661-006-9251-4.

Bhutiani, R., Khanna, D.R. and Rawat, Sandeep. 2014. Recent Trend in Physico-Chemical Parameters of Song River at Nepali Farm District Dehradun, Uttrakhand, India.Int. Jr. of Res. in Biosciences, Agriculture & Technology. 2(2), pp.34-44.

Bhutiani, R., Khanna, D.R., Ram, Khushi, Ahamad, Faheem and Tyagi, Varun 2016. Quality assessment of Ganga River at Haridwar with reference to various physico-chemical parameters. Biotech. Int. 9(1), pp.17-24.

Bhutiani, R., Khanna, D.R., Shubham and Ahamad, Faheem. 2016. Physico-chemical analysis of Sewage water treatment plant at Jagjeetpur Haridwar, Uttarakhand. Env. Cons. Jr. 17(3) pp.133-142.

Chetana, S.A. and Somasekhar, R.K. 1997. Ecological study on the riverine ecosystem of Karnataka. I. Physico-chemical characteristics of river Cauvery. J. Environ. Poll., 4(1):57-63.

Gangwar Ravi Kumar, Khare Puneet, Singh Jaspal  and Singh A. P. 2012.  Assessment of physico-chemical properties of water: River Ramganga at Bareilly, U.P. J. Chem. Pharm. Res., 4(9), pp.4231-4234.

Gentiana Shegani 2016. Seasonal Variation of the Osumi River. Env. and Ecology Res. 4(5) pp.237-243.DOI: 10.13189/eer.2016.040501

Khanna, D.R., Bhutiani, R., Matta, Gagan, Singh, V., Tyagi, P., Tyagi, B. and Ishaq, Fouzia 2010. Water Quality characteristics of River Tons at District-Dehradun, Uttarakhand (India). Env.Cons. Jr. 11(1&2) ,pp.119-123.

Khanna, D.R., Bhutiani, R., Tyagi, Bharti, Tyagi, Prashant Kumar and Ruhela, Mukesh 2012. Assessment of water quality of River Ganges during Kumbh mela 2010. Env.. Cons. Jr. 13(3), pp.165-169.

Khanna, D. R. and Bhutiani, R. 2008. Laboratory manual for water and wastewater analysis. Daya publishing House, New Delhi.

Khanna, D.R. and Bhutiani R. 2005. Benthic fauna and its ecology of river Ganga from Rishikesh to Haridwar (Uttaranchal) India. Env. Cons. Jr. 6(1), pp.33-40.

Khanna, D.R., Bhutiani, R. Tyagi ,Varun and Ahamad, Faheem 2014. Impact of Sugar Mill Effluent on Physico-chemical Properties of Malin River at Najibabad, Bijnore. Indian. J. Sci. Res.Spl. Ed & NSESIR, pp.5-10.

Koshy, M. and Nayar, T.V. 2000. Water quality of river Pamba at Kozhencherry. Pollution Research, 19(4):665-668.

Mallika S., Umamaheswari R. and Krishnamoorthy S. 2017. Physico-Chemical parameters and bacteriological study of vaigai River Water Madurai district, Tamilnadu, India. Int. Jr. of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies . 5(1), pp.42-45.

Mishra, A., Mukharjee, A. and Tripathi, B. D. 2009. Seasonal and Temporal Variation in physico-chemical and Bacteriological Characteristics of River Ganga in Varanshi, Int. Jr. of Env. Res.,3 (3), pp.195-203.

Neelima, and Jyoti Singh 2013. Seasonal Variation of Water Pollutants in Hindon River. International Journal of Science and Research. 5(6), pp.2408-2414.  http://dx.doi.org/10.21275/v5i6.NOV164765.

Kumar, Pawan Shrivastava Pradeep and Kamlesh Borana 2016. Seasonal variation in physico-chemical parameters of River Narmada (M.P.) India. IJSR – Int. Jr. of Sci. Res. 5(1) pp.367-371

Pratap Bhanu Singh and Kumar Yogesh 2016. Physico-Chemical Characteristic of Hindon River, Uttar Pradesh (India). IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 10(12), pp.35-38. DOI: 10.9790/2402-1012043538

Rizvi Nida, Katyal Deeksha and Joshi Varun.2016. seasonal and spatial variation in the water quality of river Hindon at NCR India. Int. Jr. of Curr. Res.. 8(05), pp.31282-31289.

Rizvi Nida, Katyali Deeksha and Joshi Varun 2015. Assessement of water quality of Hindon River in Ghaziabad and Noida, India by using multivariate statistical analysis. Jr.of Global Ecology and Env. 3(2) pp. 80-90.

Seth Richa,Mohan Manindra,Singh Prashant, Singh Rakesh ,Dobhal Rajendra•,Pal Singh Krishna and Gupta Sanjay 2016. Water quality evaluation of Himalayan Rivers of Kumaun region,Uttarakhand, India. Appl Water Sci(6) pp.137–147 . DOI 10.1007/s13201-014-0213-7

Sharma, M. K., Jain, C. K. and Singh, Omkar 2014. characterization of point sources and water quality assessment of river Hindon using water quality index. Jour. of Ind. Water Resources Soc. 34(1), pp.53-64.

Sharma MP, Singal SK. Patra S. 2008. Water quality profile of Yamuna River, India. Hydro Nepal. 3, pp.1-6.

Suthar S, Sharma J, Chabukdhara M, Nema AK.2010. Water quality assessment of river Hindon at Ghaziabad, India: Impact of industrial andurban wastewater. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 165:103–112.

Trivedy, P.K. and Goel, P.K. 1986. Chemical and bioligical  methods for water pollution studies. EnvironmentPublication, Karad.

Yerel S. and Ankara H. 2012. Application of multi variate statistical techniques in the assessment of waterquality in Sakarya River, Turkey. Journal Geological Society of India. 79, pp.89-93.

Zhou F, Liu Y, Guo H. 2007. Application of multivariate statistical methods to water qualityassessment of the watercourses in northwesternNew Territories, Hong Kong. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 132, pp.1-13.

Bhutiani, R., Mukesh, R., & Faheem, A. (2017). Limnological characterisation of Hindon River at NCR (Uttar Pradesh), India. Environment Conservation Journal18(1/2), 219-229.

:https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2017.181230

Received: 02.01.2017

Revised: 21.03.2017

Accepted: 12.04.2017

First Online: 15.06. 2017

:https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2017.181230

MANUSCRIPT STATISTICS

Publisher Name:  Action for Sustainable Efficacious Development and Awareness (ASEA)

Print : 0972-3099           

Online :2278-5124