Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

previous arrow
next arrow
Slider

Physiological and biochemical responses of harvested rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) fruits to postharvest dip treatments during storage

Shetty Manjunath J. 

Department of Post Harvest Technology, College of Horticulture, Bengaluru, UHS (B), Karnataka
Geethalekshmi P.R., , Mini C., Kumar Vijayaraghava ,Beena R.
Department of Post Harvest Technology, College of Agriculture, Vellayani, KAU, Kerala

Abstract

The effect of pretreatments on rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.) browning properties during storage or shelf-life was determined. Water loss in rambutan fruits induces degradation of nutritional value and imposes stress that increases respiration and ethylene production. In the present investigation, Good quality rambutan fruits of uniform size and maturity with red skin colour were used. The fruits were dipped in paraffin wax emulsions, ozonated and sulphited water, were air dried and stored under room temperature (30±2oC; RH 80-85%) for standardizing the best pretreatment. Weight loss, TSS, pH, acidity, vitamin C, sugars, and antioxidant activity were measured till the end of shelf life. The application of ozone reduced browning of rambutan fruit. The inhibition of browning was associated with increased consumer acceptance. Thus, ozone treatment can be an effective means to extend the shelf life of rambutan fruit.

Rambutan, spinterns, browning, paraffin, ozonization, sulphitation, pre treatment

Alencar, E. E., Faroni, L. R., Pinto, M. S., DaCosta, A. R. and Carvalho, A. F. 2014. Effect of ozone on postharvest conservation of pear. J. Food Process Technol. 5. 317- 321.

Ali, A., Ong, M. K. and Forney, C. F. 2014. Effect of ozone preconditioning on quality and antioxidant capacity of papaya fruit during ambient storage. Food Chem.142: 9- 26.

Allende, A., Selma, M. V., Lopez-Galvez, F., Villaescusa, R. and Gil, M. I. 2009. Role of commercial sanitizers and washing systems on epiphytic microorganisms and sensory quality of fresh-cut escarole and lettuce. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 49: 155-163.

Alwi, N. A. and Ali, A. 2014. Reduction of E. coli 0157, Listeria and Salmonella populations on fresh cut bell pepper using gaseous ozone. Food Control. 46: 304-311.

Ambareesha, K. N. 2016. Standardization of minimal processing of amaranthus (Amaranthus tricolor L.). M. Sc.
(Hort) thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, 160p.

Barboni, T., Cannac, M. and Chiromente, N. 2010. Effect of cold storage and ozone treatment on physiochemical
parameters, soluble sugars and organic acids in Actinidia deliciosa. Food Chem. 121: 946-951.

George, G. M. 2015. Postharvest handling studies for extending shelf life of amaranthus (Amaranthus tricolor
L.). M. Sc. (Hort) thesis, Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, 128p.

Nadas, A., Olmo, M. and Garcia, J. M. 2003. Growth of Botrytis cinerea and strawberry quality in ozone-enriched atmospheres. J. Food Sci. 68:1798-1802.

Najafi, N. and Shaban, S. 2015. The effect of chitosan coatings on quality of fresh strawberries (Fragerria ananasa L.) preserved into modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Int. J. Biosci. 6 (1): 98-108.

O’Hare, T. J. 1995. Postharvest physiology and storage of rambutan. Postharvest Biol.Technol. 6: 189-199.

Perez, G. A, Sanz, C, Rios, J. J, Olias, R. and Olias, J. M. 1999. Effects of ozone treatment on postharvest strawberry
quality. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47(4): 1652–1656.

Palou, L., Crisosto, C. H., Smilanick, J. L., Adaskaveg, J. E. and Zoffoli, J. P. 2002. Effects of continuous 0.3 ppm ozone exposure on decay development and physiological responses of peaches and table grapes in cold storage.
Postharvest Biol. Technol. 24: 39–48.

Ranganna, S. 1986. Handbook of Analysis and quality control for fruit and vegetable products. Tata McGraw Hill Publishing company Limited. New Delhi. 182p.

Sadasivam, S. and Manickam, A. 1992. Biochemical method for agricultural sciences. Wiley Eastern Limited and Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, 246p.

Salvador, A., Abad, I., Arnal, L. and Martinez-Javega, J. M. 2006. Effect of ozone on postharvest quality of persimmon. J. Food Sci. 71: 443-446.

Schmidl, M. K. and Labuza, T. P. 2000. Essential and functional foods. Aspen publishers. Inc. USA. 108pp.

Sharma, R. and Bhat, T. K. 2009. DPPH antioxidant assay revisited. Food Chem. 113: 1202-1205.

Skog, L. J. and Chu, C. L. 2001. Effect of ozone on qualities of fruits and vegetables in cold storage. Can. J. Plant Sci. 81: 773-778.

Sothornvit, R. and Kiatchanapaibul, P. 2009. Quality and shelflife of washed fresh cut fruits and vegetables in modified atmosphere packaging. Food Sci. Technol. 42: 1484-1490.

Tavarini, S., Degl’ Imracentis, E., Remorini, D., Maassai, R. and Guidi, L. 2008. Antioxidant capacity, ascorbic acid, total phenols and carotenoid change during harvest and after storage of Hayward kiwifruit. Food Chem. 107: 282- 288.

Tzortzakis, N., Borland, A., Singleton, I. and Barnes, J. 2007. Impact of atmospheric ozone-enrichment on quality-related attributes of papaya. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 45. 317–325.

Zhang, L., Lu, Z., Yu, Z. and Gao, X. 2005. Preservation of fresh-cut fruits by treatment of ozonated water. Food
Control. 16: 279-283.

Shetty, M. J., Geethalekshmi, P. R., Mini, C., Vijayaraghava, K., & Beena, R. (2018). Physiological and biochemical responses of harvested rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) fruits to postharvest dip treatments during storage. Environment Conservation Journal19(1/2), 217-222.

https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2018.191231

Received: 22.02.2018

Revised: 26.03.2018

Accepted: : 29.04.2018

First Online: 20.06. 2018

:https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2018.191231

MANUSCRIPT STATISTICS

Publisher Name:  Action for Sustainable Efficacious Development and Awareness (ASEA)

Print : 0972-3099           

Online :2278-5124