Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

Environment
Conservation Journal

"An International Journal Devoted to Conservation of Environment"

(A PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)

ISSN: 2278-5124 (Online) :: ISSN: 0972-3099 (Print)

previous arrow
next arrow
Slider

Pesticides use and their impact on environment and health in Uttar Pradesh: A review

Manish Mohan Gore and Prashant Kumar Aryan

Department of Botany, Monad University, Hapur (U.P)

Abstract

Pesticide use rate increases tremendously in crop production all over the world. In the recent years, pesticide related issues have been extensively highlighted in the media including public, research journals, and attracted wider debate and sharp focus among the interested groups in India. It is obvious that indiscriminate and excessive use of pesticides pollutes not only environment and agriculture but also food chain, thereby affecting health of farmers, public, and the end users. The present paper is an attempt to review research studies focusing on the pesticide use and its impact on environment and health focusing Uttar Pradesh, India. This analytical study infers that pesticide use has increased manifold, obviously due to many complex factors. Research findings reveal that pesticide residues have been found in the environment many times higher than the maximum permissible limit.

Pesticide residue, rodent, ecological equilibrium, ecosystem, food chain

Agnihotri, N.P., Dewan, R.S., Jain, H.K. and Pandey, S.Y. 1974. Residues of insecticides in food commodities from Delhi: II. High fat content food materials. Indian J. Entomol., Vol. 36(3), pp 203 -208.

Annual Report 2007-08, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India (2008); http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/handle/1/2058724, 5.7.2014.

Annual Report 2012-13, Department of Fertilizers, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Govt. of India (2013); http://fert.nic.in/sites/default/files/Annual_Report2012-13.pdf, 5.7.2014.

Antle J.M. and Pingali, P.L. 1995. Pesticides, Productivity and Farmer Health: A Philippines Case Study. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 76(3), pp 418-30.

Bankar, R., Ray, A.K., Kumar, A., Adeppa, K. and Puri, S. 2012. Organochlorine pesticide residues in vegetables of three major markets in Uttar Pradesh, India. Acta Biologica Indica, Vol. 1(1), pp 77-80.

Bhardwaj, Tulsi and Sharma, J.P. 2013. Impact of Pesticides Application in Agricultural Industry: An Indian Scenario. International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology, Vol. 4(8), pp 817-822.

Bhanti, N. and Taneja, A. 2005. Monitoring of Organochlorine Pesticide Residues in Summer and Winter Vegetables from Agra, India – A Case Study. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 110, pp 341–346.

Bond, J.L., Kriesemer, S.K., Emborg, J.E. and Chadha, M.L. 2007. Understanding farmers’ pesticide use in Jharkhand India. Extension Farming Systems Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp 53-61.

Centre for Science and Education team 2003. Pesticide residues in bottled water. Down to Earth, Issue: 15.2.2003; http://www.downtoearth.org.in/print/12459; 10.7.2014.

Center for Science and Environment 2003. Laboratory Results of Bottled Water; www.cseindia.org. hyml/lab/ bottled_ water_result.htm, New Delhi.

Chaudhary, R. and Chaudhary, V. 2012. Assessment of cationic composition in ground drinking water in some parts of Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, India. Progressive Agriculture 2012 Vol. 12(2), pp. 376-380, http://www.cabdirect.org/abstracts/20133002376.html

Dwivedi, R. and Sheth, M. 2008. Survey of pesticides use by farmers in Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh states of India. Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biology, Environmental Sciences, Vol. 10(4); pp 825-828.

Environews Forum 1999. Killer environment. Environ. Health Perspect., Vol. 107, pp A62.

Forget, G. 1993. Balancing the need for pesticides with the risk to human health. In: Impact of pesticide use on health in developing countries. IDRC, Ottawa, p. 2

Gandhi, Venkatesh R., Hanchinal, S.N., Sgivamurthy, M. and Hittalmani, Shailja 2007. Adoption of Integrated Pest Management Practices Among Tomato Growers. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol. 21(1), pp 17-19

Gupta, R. and Kanaujia, A. 2014. Impacts of pesticides on Black kites, Milvus migrans govinda in Bundelkhand region of India. Journal of Applied Science and Research, 2014, Vol. 2(6), pp 6-15

Hollingworth, R.M., Kurihara, N., Miyamoto, J., Otto, S. and Paulson, G.D. 1995. Detection and significance of active metabolites of agrochemicals and related xenobiotics in animals. Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 67, pp 1487-1532.

Horrigan, L., Lawrence, R.S. and Walker, P. 2002. How sustainable agriculture can address the environmental and human heath harms of industrial agriculture. Environ. Health Perspect., Vol. 110(5), pp 445-456.

Hurley, P.M., Hill, R.N. and Whiting, R.J. 1998. Mode of carcinogenic action of pesticides inducing thyroid follicular cell tumors in rodents. Environ. Health. Perspect., pp 106 : 437.

ICMR Bulletin 1993. Surveillance of food contamination in India. Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, pp 117.

Igbedioh, S.O. 1991. Effects of agricultural pesticides on humans, animals and higher plants in developing countries. Arch. Environ. Health, Vol. 46, pp 218.

Indian Pesticides Industry-Business Market Report 2012. http://www.imarcgroup.com/ agriculture-industry-in-india/; 28.7.2014.

Jayanthi, H. and Kombairaju, S. 2005. Pesticide Use in Vegetable Crops: Frequency, Intensity and Determinant Factors. Agricultural Economic Research Review, Vol. 18, pp 209-221; http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/ bitstream/58472/2/art-5.pdf, 25.8.2014.

Jeyaratnam, J. 1985. Health problems of pesticide usage in the third world. BMJ, Vol. 42, pp 505.

Joshi, Mukund 2005. Perils of Pesticides. Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad, ISBN: 81-7596-263-1.

Kasyap, S.K. and Gupta, S.K. 1973. Review of pesticide toxicology in India. In: Proceedings of the symposium on, “Progress and problems in pesticide residue analysis”. Ludhiana, 18-19 Nov., 1973 pp 1-44.

Khan, Muhammad, Iftikhar, Muhammad, Husnain, Ul, Zahid, Hafiz Mahmood and Akram, Waqar 2013. Understanding Pesticide Use Safety Decisions: Application of Health Behavior Theory. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Science, Vol. 13(4), pp 440-448

Kumar, G. and Sankarakumar, R. 2012. Impact of Information and Communication Technology in Agriculture – Perception of the Farmers in Ramanathapuram District. International Journal of Statistika and Mathematika, Vol. 4(2), 2012, pp 33-41;

Mahantesh, N. and Singh, A. 2012. A Study on Farmers’ Knowledge, Perception and Intensity of Pesticide Use in Vegetable Cultivation in Western Uttar Pradesh. Pusa AgriScience, Vol. 32, pp 63-69.

Mancini, F., Van Bruggen, A.H., Jiggins, J.L., Ambatipudi, A.C., Murphy, H. 2005. Acute pesticide poisoning among female and male cotton growers in India. International Journal of Occupational & Environmental Health, Vol. 11(3), pp 221-32;

Maurya and Kumar 2013. Organochlorine Pesticides in the Surface Waters from Sharda River Region, Uttar Pradesh-India. The SIJ Transactions on Advances in Space Research & Earth Exploration (ASREE), Vol. 1(1), pp 1-7.

Mencher, J.P. 1991. Agricultural Labor and Pesticides in Rice Growing Regions of India: Some Health Considerations, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. XXVI(39), pp. 2263-68.

Mitra, A., Chatterjee, C. and Mandal, F.B. 2011. Synthetic chemical pesticides and their effects on birds. Research Journal of Environmental Toxicology, Vol. 5(2), pp 81-96

Murphy, H., Hoan, N.P., Matteson, P., Morales Abubakar, A.L. 2002. Farmers’ self-surveillance of pesticide poisoning: a 12-month pilot in Northen Vietnam. International Journal of Occupational & Environmental Health; Vol. 8(3), pp 201-211;

Nag, K.S., Raikwar, M.K., Mahanta, S.K. and Kundu, S.S. 2005. Pesticide residues in feeds. In: Animal feed technology (Eds. S. S. Kundu, S. K. Mahanta, Sultan Singh, P.S. Pathak), Satish Serial Publishing House, Delhi.

Pagiola S. 1995. Environmental and Natural Resource Degradation in Intensive Agriculture in Bangladesh, Environment Development Paper No. 15, Environmental    Economics Series, The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Pimentel, D, McLaughlin, L., Zepp, A., Lakitan, B., Kraus, T., Kleinman, P., Vancini, F., Roach, W.J., Graap, E., Keeton, W.S. and Selig, G. 1993. Environmental and economic effects of reducing pesticide use in agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Vol. 46, pp 273-288.

Rajendran, S. 2003. Environment and health aspects of pesticides use in Indian agriculture. In: Proc Third International Conference on Environment and Health, Chennai (15- 17 Dec. 2003), eds. Bunch M.J., Madha S. and Vasanth Kumaran, T, pp 353-373.

Reddy, B. Suresh 2010. Organic Farming: Status, Issues and Prospects – A Review. Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol.23, pp 343-358.

Sharma, B.M., Bharat, G.K., Tayal, S., Nizzetto, L., Cupr, P. and Larssen, T. 2014. Environment and human exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in India: A systematic review of recent and historical data. Environment International Vol. 66, pp 48–64.

Shetty, P.K., Murugan, M., Hiremath, M.B. and Sreeja, K.G. 2010. Farmers’ education and perception on pesticide use and crop economies in Indian agriculture. Journal of Experimental Sciences Vol. 1(1), pp 03-08, 12.1.2015.

Srivastava, A.K., Trivedi, P., Srivastava, M.K., Lohani, M. and Srivastava, L.P. 2011. Monitoring of pesticide residues in market basket samples of vegetable from Lucknow City, India. Environ Monit Assess, Vol. 176, pp 465–472.

State of Indian Agriculture 2012-13; Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India; http://agricoop.nic.in/Agristatisticsnew.html; 10.2.2015.

Tiwari, M., Shukla, N.K., Kumar, V., Sharma, G.D., Gupta, M.K., Singh, A., Toppo, P. and Tiwari, M.K. 2015. Assessment of ground water quality of Hamirpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Vol. 4(1), pp 597-603.

Yadav, A. Yadav, P.K. Shukla, D.N. 2013. Investigation of Heavy metal status in soil and vegetables grown in urban area of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Vol. 3(9), pp 1-7.

Wadhawani, A.M. and Lall, I.J. 1972. Harmful effects of pesticides. Report of the special committee of ICAR. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp 44.

WHO 1990. Public health impact of pesticides used in agriculture. World Health Organization, Geneva, p 88.

Gore, M. M., & Aryan, P. K. (2015). Pesticides use and their impact on environment and health in Uttar Pradesh: A review. Environment Conservation Journal16(1&2), 117-127.

https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2015.161218

Received: 22.02.2015

Revised: 12.04.2015

Accepted: 15.05.2015

First Online: 12.06. 2015

https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2015.161218

MANUSCRIPT STATISTICS

Publisher Name:  Action for Sustainable Efficacious Development and Awareness (ASEA)

Print : 0972-3099

Online :2278-5124